* Overall Housing Confidence Up. The Fannie Mae Home Purchase Sentiment Index® (HPSI) increased 1.2 points in August to 88.0, just below the all-time high set in June. The rise can be attributed primarily to increases in two of the six HPSI components: the good time to sell component and the mortgage rates expectations component. The net share who reported that now is a good time to sell a home rose 8 percentage points in August and is now up 21 percentage points compared to the same period last year. Meanwhile, the net share who said it’s a good time to buy fell 5 percentage points in July and is down 16 percentage points year-over-year. Respondents continue to cite high home prices as the most important reason behind the bad time to buy and good time to sell indicators. “In the early stages of the economic expansion, home selling sentiment trailed home buying sentiment by a significant margin. The reverse is true today,” said Doug Duncan, senior vice president and chief economist at Fannie Mae. “The net good time to sell share is now double the net good time to buy share, with record high percentages of consumers citing home prices as the primary reason for both perceptions. Such a sizable gap between selling and buying sentiment, if it persists, could weigh on the housing market through the rest of the year.”
*Home Value Index Growth Slows in August. Appraisals continued to lag homeowner expectations in August, although the difference between appraiser and owner opinions narrowed, according to Quicken Loans' National Home Price Perception Index (HPPI), out Tuesday. The HPPI showed that appraised values were 1.35% lower than home owners' expectations in August. This is compared to July when there was a 1.55% difference. Regionally, value perceptions vary widely across the country, from home values being 3% higher than home owners estimated in the West, to 3% lower than expected in the Midwest and Northeast.
* Custom and Spec Home Market Shares in 2016. NAHB’s analysis of the most recent Census Bureau’s Survey of Construction (SOC) shows that custom home building registered declining market shares across most US regions in 2016. The sharpest drop in the custom home share of new single-family starts took place in the East South Central division, from 35% to 27%. In the Mountain division, the custom home share of new single-family starts was lowest in the nation but remained stable (14%). The Pacific division was the only US division registering an increase in the custom home share (from 14% to 18%). While nationally about one in five homes started in 2016 was a custom home, the shares varied widely across the US divisions. The New England and East North Central divisions stand out for registering the highest shares of starts supervised by contractors or owners – close to 39%, the Middle Atlantic division is next at close to 32%, followed by the East South Central division at more than a quarter (27%). At the opposite end of the spectrum are the Western divisions – Mountain and Pacific – and the South Atlantic. Home building here is dominated by spec starts. These divisions registered the highest three spec home shares – 83% in the Mountain and South Atlantic, and 79% in the Pacific.
* New Single-Family Housing Starts By Divisions in 2016 - Long Road Back to Normal. NAHB analysis of the Survey of Construction (SOC) shows that, nationally, there were 779,082 new single-family units started in 2016, 10% higher than 2015. According to NAHB analysis of the SOC data, national new single-family housing starts reached 58% of the pre-recession normal (the average of housing starts between 2000 and 2003) in 2016. Relative to the average annual number of housing starts between 2000 and 2003, the nine divisions ranged between 43% and 86% of that level in 2016. The West South Central Division, at 86%, is closest to recovering and the West North Central Division is furthest away, at 43%. All nine divisions are off their recession-era lows relative to the average activity between 2000 and 2003, but no division has recovered.
*Ellie Mae: Closing Times Jump Significantly From West to East Coast. The average time to close varies significantly from the East to West Coast, according to the Ellie Mae Millennial Tracker. The average time for Millennials, those born from the 1980s to the mid-1950s, to close a loan sits at 60 days in New York, up significantly from the 37 days in California. Across the country, the average time to close was 44 days in July. The average time to close conventional loans remained steady at 43 days as the average time to close an FHA loan increased one day to 44 days in July. The time it took Millennials to close a VA loan dropped from 46 days to 42 days, and the time it took to close an FHA loan saw the most change as it jumped from 45 days to 50 days in July. The average time Millennials took to close a purchase loan held steady at 42 days from June to July while the average time to close a refinance decreased two days to 46 days in that same period. The Millennial Tracker also showed FICO scores increased slightly to 724 in July, up from 723 in June but down one point from July last year. The average FICO score for purchases came in at 748 for conventional loans, 688 for FHA and 742 for a VA loan.
* More People Paying Mortgages on Time. Fewer borrowers are late making their house payments, according to a real-estate data firm, which credits strong employment numbers and tougher lending standards for the decline in delinquencies. Nationally, 3.2% of jumbo mortgages were 30 days or more past due in May, a 1.1 percentage-point decline from May 2016, California-based data firm CoreLogic found. The serious delinquency rate, defined as 90 days or more past due, was just 2.1%—the lowest rate in nearly a decade.
* Case-Shiller National Home Price Index Rises Again to All-Time High. Home prices reached an all new high across the U.S. in June, according to the latest index released from S&P Dow Jones and CoreLogic. Nationally, home prices increased 5.8% from June 2016, up from May's gain of 5.7%, to hit 192.6, an all new high. Seattle, Portland and Dallas reported the highest increases in June out of the nation's top 20 cities with increases of 13.4%, 8.2% and 7.7% respectively. Seattle prices are rising 5.2 percentage points faster than Portland, the city with the next highest increase. Seattle has seen the highest year-over-year percentage gains for the last ten months.
*Freddie Mac: Mortgage Rates Hit Second-Consecutive 2017 Low. Mortgage rates hit an all-new 2017 low for the second-consecutive week, according to Freddie Mac's weekly Primary Mortgage Market Survey. "The 10-year Treasury yield fell to a new 2017-low on Tuesday," Freddie Mac Chief Economist Sean Becketti said. "In response, the 30-year mortgage rate dropped four basis points to 3.82%, reaching a new year-to-date low for the second consecutive week. However, recent releases of positive economic data could halt the downward trend of mortgage rates," Becketti said.
* Number of Equity Rich U.S. Properties Increases to 14 Million in Q2 2017 - 1 in 4 U.S. Properties With a Mortgage. ATTOM Data Solutions' Q2 2017 U.S. Home Equity & Underwater Report shows that at the end of the second quarter of 2017 there were more than 14 million (14,038,372) U.S. properties that were equity rich - where the combined loan amount secured by the property was 50 percent or less of the estimated market value of the property - up by nearly 320,000 properties from the previous quarter and up by more than 1.6 million properties from a year ago. The 14 million equity rich U.S. properties represented 24.6 percent of all U.S. properties with a mortgage, up from 24.3 percent in the previous quarter and up from 22.1 percent in Q2 2016. "An increasing number of U.S. homeowners are amassing impressive stockpiles of home equity wealth, enjoying the benefits of rapidly rising home prices while staying conservative when it comes to cashing out on their equity - homeowners are staying in their homes nearly twice as long before selling as they were prior to the Great Recession, and the volume of home equity lines of credit are running about one-third of the level they were at during the last housing boom," said Daren Blomquist, senior vice president at ATTOM Data Solutions. States with the highest share of equity rich properties at the end of Q2 2017 were Hawaii (38.3%), California (36.6%), New York (34.2%), Vermont (33.5%) and Oregon (32.2%). Among 91 metropolitan statistical areas with a population of 500,000 or more, those with the highest share of equity rich properties were San Jose, CA (52%), San Francisco, CA (47%), Los Angeles, CA (40%), Honolulu, Hawaii (40%) and Portland, OR (35%).
* Consumer Confidence Rises to Highest Level Since January. Consumers became more confident during the first half of August than at any point since January, according to the Survey of Consumers conducted by the University of Michigan. The Index of Consumer Sentiment jumped 4.5% from last month's 93.4 to 97.6 at the beginning of August. This is also up 8.7% from 89.8 in August 2016.
“Consumer confidence rose in the first half of August to its highest level since January due to a more positive outlook for the overall economy as well as more favorable personal financial prospects,” Survey of Consumers Chief Economist Richard Curtin said. “The two component indices moved in opposite directions, with the Current Conditions Index falling slightly from its decade peak, and the Expectations Index posting a more substantial rebound,” Curtin said. “As with the overall Sentiment Index, the component indices nearly regained the peak levels recorded earlier in 2017.”
*Home Prices Jump 6.2% in Second Quarter; Eclipse 2016 High. The national median existing single-family home price in the second quarter was $255,600, which is up 6.2 percent from the second quarter of 2016 ($240,700) and surpasses the third quarter of last year ($241,300) as the new peak quarterly median sales price. The median price during the first quarter increased 6.9 percent from the first quarter of 2016. Single-family home prices last quarter increased in 87 percent of measured markets, with 154 out of 178 metropolitan statistical areas(MSAs) showing sales price gains in the second quarter compared with the second quarter of 2016. Twenty-three areas (13 percent) recorded lower median prices from a year earlier. Total existing-home sales, including single family and condos, slipped 0.9 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.57 million in the second quarter from 5.62 million in the first quarter, but are still 1.6 percent higher than the 5.48 million pace during the second quarter of 2016. In the West, existing-home sales decreased 3.7 percent in the second quarter but are 3.1 percent above a year ago. The median existing single-family home price in the West increased 7.5 percent to $372,400 in the second quarter from the second quarter of 2016.
* 30-Year Mortgage Rate Hits 2017 Low. Mortgage rates decreased for the fourth consecutive week and the 30-year mortgage hit a new low for 2017, according to Freddie Mac’s Primary Mortgage Market Survey. “The 30-year mortgage rate also declined for the fourth consecutive week, dropping three basis points to a new year-to- date low of 3.86%,” Freddie Mac Chief Economist Sean Becketti said. The 30-year fixed-rate mortgage dropped to 3.86% for the week ending August 24, 2017. This is down from last week's 3.89% but up from 3.43% last year. The 15-year FRM held steady at 3.16%, an increase from last year’s 2.74%. The five-year Treasury-indexed hybrid adjustable-rate mortgage increased slightly, hitting 3.17%. This is up from 3.16% last week but down from 2.75% last year. “The 10-year Treasury yield fell six basis points this week amid concerns over lagging inflation,” Becketti said.
* Builder Confidence Springs Back with Four Point August Jump. Builder confidence in the market for newly-built single-family homes rose four points in August to a level of 68 on the National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index (HMI). Builder sentiment is being supporting by ongoing job and economic growth, attractive mortgage rates, and growing consumer confidence. The fact that builder confidence has returned to the healthy levels we saw this spring is consistent with the NAHB forecast for a gradual strengthening in the housing market. GDP growth improved in the second quarter, which helped sustain housing demand. However, builders continue to face supply-side challenges, such as lot and labor shortages and rising building material costs. All three HMI components posted gains in August. The component gauging current sales conditions rose four points to 74 while the index charting sales expectations in the next six months jumped five points to 78. Meanwhile, the component measuring buyer traffic increased a single point to 49. Looking at the three-month moving averages for regional HMI scores, the Northeast rose one point to 48. The West, South and Midwest all remained unchanged at 75, 67 and 66, respectively.
*S&P/Experian: Mortgage Default Rate at Lowest Level in a Decade. Despite a slight increase in July, the default rate for first mortgage loans still sits at its lowest point in the last 10 years, according to the latest S&P/Experian Consumer Credit Default Indices. In fact, the mortgage default rate for first and second mortgages aren’t too far off from their July 2016 level, as homebuyers get better at paying their mortgage on time. “Default rates for autos and first mortgage loans are at their lowest points in the last ten years, while bank card defaults remain modest,” says David Blitzer, managing director and chairman of the index committee at S&P Dow Jones Indices.” “Consumers’ use of credit is growing and the level of consumer credit outstanding is at an all-time high. In the year ending June 2017, consumer credit outstanding rose 5.7%, outpacing most spending categories across the economy,” he said. “However, retail sales excluding autos as well as auto sales are down slightly since April, while home sales are little changed in recent months.
* We Are Definitely Not In A Housing Bubble. As home prices continue to rise across the U.S., the dreaded b-word is beginning to be heard in some overheated markets. However, many companies insist that despite the 8.3 million low-income residents who can't afford their local rent, according to a new study from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the housing market is still not in a bubble. The most recent Case Shiller results pointed out the housing market is growing more expensive, however it is not about to repeat the bubble years. The chart below from Bloomberg shows home prices already passed up the 2005 and 2006 levels. “We're definitely not in a bubble. We have a handful of markets that are frothy and probably have hit an affordability wall of sorts but the fact of the matter is, while prices nominally have surpassed the 2006 peak, we're not talking about 2006 dollars. We've had 9 years of inflation to factor into home prices today...and, in fact, if you really dug into the analysis what you would find is that home prices today have basically recovered to about where they were in 2004," said Rick Sharga, Executive Vice President at Ten-X.
* Housing Affordability Inches Lower in Second Quarter. Arising home prices offset a quarter-point drop in mortgage interest rates to move housing affordability slightly lower in the second quarter of 2017, according to the National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo Housing Opportunity Index. In all, 59.4 percent of new and existing homes sold between the beginning of April and end of June were affordable to families earning the U.S. median income of $68,000. This is down from the 60.3 percent of homes sold that were affordable to median-income earners in the first quarter. The national median home price rose to $256,000 in the second quarter of 2017, up from $245,000 in the first quarter. Meanwhile, average mortgage rates fell 25 basis points in the second quarter to 4.08 percent from 4.33 percent in the first quarter.
*Early Stage Delinquencies Hit Lowest Level in 17 Years. Delinquencies continued to drop in May, hitting lows not seen in the past decade or even nearly two decades, according to the latest Loan Performance Insights Report from CoreLogic. Mortgages in some stage of delinquency, 30 days or more past due, including those in foreclosure, decreased 0.8 percentage points to 4.5% of mortgages. This is down from May 2016 when the delinquency rate was 5.3%. The foreclosure inventory rate, which measures the share of mortgages in some stage of the foreclosure process, decreased to 0.7%, down from 1% last year. The serious delinquency rate, 90 days or more past due, including loans in foreclosure, remained at 2%, unchanged from last month and down 2.6% from May last year. This rate remains the lowest since November 2007 when it was also 2%. Early delinquencies, defined as 30 to 59 days past due, also decreased slightly, hitting 1.9% in May, down from 2% last year, a 17-year low.
* Fannie Mae: Home Prices Surpass Housing Boom Peak. Fannie Mae released its 2017 Second Quarter Credit Supplement report when it reported its earnings Thursday, which showed home prices hit an all-time new high, surpassing the previous 2006 peak. Home prices increased 2.4% in the U.S. from the previous peak in the third quarter of 2006 to the second quarter of 2017. While prices are up overall, it varies significantly from state to state. For example, North Dakota had the highest increase, seeing a growth rate of 53.7%, while on the other end of the spectrum, the growth rate in Nevada dropped 24.8% from 2006. Oregon and Washington have experienced a growth rate of 15.0% and 15.7%, respectively, during the same time period.
* Pending Home Sales Recover in June, Grow 1.5 Percent. After declining for three straight months, pending home sales reversed course in June as all major regions, except for the Midwest, saw an increase in contract activity, according to the National Association of Realtors. The Pending Home Sales Index, a forward-looking indicator based on contract signings, climbed 1.5 percent to 110.2 in June from an upwardly revised 108.6 in May. At 0.5 percent, the index last month increased annually for the first time since March. The PHSI in the Northeast inched forward 0.7 percent to 98.0 in June, and is now 2.9 percent above a year ago. In the Midwest the index decreased 0.5 percent to 104.0 in June, and is now 3.4 percent lower than June 2016. Pending home sales in the South rose 2.1 percent to an index of 126.0 in June and are now 2.6 percent above last June. The index in the West grew 2.9 percent in June to 101.5, but is still 1.1 percent below a year ago. Heading into the second half of the year, Lawrence Yun, NAR chief economist, expects existing-home sales to finish around 5.56 million, which is an increase of 2.6 percent from 2016 (5.45 million).
*Solid Job Gains in July. In July, the number of employed persons increased by 345,000; the number of unemployed persons was little changed; the number of persons not in the labor force declined by 156,000. All of these favorable changes accounted for the decrease in the unemployment rate and the increase in the labor force participation rate. The unemployment rate was back to the 16-year low of 4.3%, from 4.4% in June. Residential construction employment is now 2.7 million, broken down as 767,000 builders and 1.93 million residential specialty trade contractors. The 6-month moving average of job gains for residential construction now was close to 3,000 a month. Over the last 12 months home builders and remodelers have added 118,300 jobs on a net basis. Since the low point of industry employment following the Great Recession, residential construction has gained 717,200 positions. In July, the unemployment rate for construction workers climbed to 6.1% on a seasonally adjusted basis, from 5.1% in June. After reaching a peak rate of 22% in February 2010, the unemployment rate for the construction occupation had been on a general decline and remained relatively low recently.
* Beyond Bottom? Homeownership Rate Creeps Back Up. The homeownership rate crept up close to a full percentage point from one year ago to 63.7 percent in the second quarter, encouraged by more owner household formation, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s recent Quarterly Housing Vacancies and Homeownership report. The owner household formation rate over took the renter household formation rate in the first quarter, and remained ahead in the second quarter—evidence that the shift toward owner-occupied is more than a one-off trend. Roughly 87 percent of housing was occupied in the second quarter, with 55.5 percent owner-occupied and 31.6 percent renter-occupied. The rate in the second quarter was again highest in the Midwest, at 68 percent, and the South, at 65.5 percent, though both regions have seen minimal movement year-over-year. Rates have gone up year-over-year in the Northeast and West, at 60.4 percent and 58.9 percent in the second quarter, respectively.
* Case-Shiller: Housing is Not Repeating the Bubble Period. "Home prices continue to climb and outpace both inflation and wages," said David Blitzer, S&P Dow Jones Indices managing director and chairman of the index committee. "Housing is not repeating the bubble period of 2000 to 2006: price increases vary across the country unlike the earlier period when rising prices were almost universal; the number of homes sold annually is 20% less today than in the earlier period and the months' supply is declining, not surging." The small supply of homes for sale is one cause of rising prices. New home construction, higher than during the recession but still low, is another factor in rising prices. "For the last 19 months, either Seattle or Portland was the city with the fastest rising home prices based on 12-month gains," Blitzer said. "Since the national index bottomed in February 2012, San Francisco has the largest gain. Using Census Bureau data for 2011 to 2015, it is possible to compare these three cities to national averages." "The proportion of owner-occupied homes is lower than the national average in all three cities with San Francisco being the lowest at 36%, Seattle at 46%, and Portland at 52%," he said. "Nationally, the figure is 64%. The key factor for the rise in home prices is population growth from 2010 to 2016: the national increase is 4.7%, but for these cities, it is 8.2% in San Francisco, 9.6% in Portland and 15.7% in Seattle. A larger population combined with more people working leads to higher home prices."
*U.S. Home Sellers Realized Average Price Gain of $51,000 in Second Quarter of 2017, Highest in 10 Years. Homeowners who sold in the second quarter realized an average price gain of $51,000 since purchase - the highest average price gain for home sellers since Q2 2007, when it was $57,000. The average home seller price gain of $51,000 in Q2 2017 represented an average return of 26 percent on the previous purchase price of the home, the highest average home seller return since Q3 2007, when it was 27 percent. The report also show that homeowners who sold in the second quarter had owned an average of 8.05 years, up from 7.85 years in the previous quarter and up from 7.59 years inn Q2 2016 to the longest average homeownership tenure as far back as data is available, Q1 2000.
* Consumers Grow More Confident in Future of Economy. Consumers' assessment of their current conditions remained at a 16-year high even as their confidence in the future edged higher, according to the Consumer Confidence Survey conducted by The Conference Board by Nielsen. The Consumer Confidence Index increased to 121.1 in July up from 117.3 in June. The Present Situation Index increased from 143.9 last month to 147.8 in July and the Expectations Index increased to 103.3, up from 99.6 last month. "Overall, consumers foresee the current economic expansion continuing well into the second half of this year," said Lynn Franco, The Conference Board Director of Economic Indicators.
* Single-Family Starts Bounce Back in June. Total housing starts bounced back in June after a weak May. Total starts increased 8.3% to a 1.215 million seasonally adjusted annual rate, according to the joint data release from the Census Bureau and HUD. Single-family starts moved forward, increasing to an 849,000 annual rate in June. Single-family starts are up 8% year-to-date compared to 2016 as limited existing inventory and solid builder confidence make for positive market conditions for additional building. Single-family permits were up 4% in June. On a year-to-date basis, single-family permits are almost 11% higher compared to this time in 2016. Multifamily starts also increased in June, after five consecutive months of decline. Multifamily starts were up 13% in June, but are down 5% on a year-to-date basis. This matches our forecast expecting a small decline in multifamily construction in 2017. With respect to housing's economic impact, 57% of homes under construction in June were multi-family (610,000). There were 460,000 single-family units under construction, a gain of 7% from this time in 2016.
*Foreign Investment in U.S. Real Estate Surges 49% to Record $153 Billion in Sales Volume. Foreign investment in the U.S. housing market saw an explosion of growth from last year as it surged to an all-new high. This increase was fueled by an increase in sales dollar volume from Canadian buyers, but transactions grew in all five of the top countries, according to the 2017 Profile of International Activity in U.S. Residential Real Estate report from the National Association of Realtors. Nearly half of all foreign sales were in three states: Florida, California and Texas. Between April 2016 and March 2017, foreign buyers and recent immigrants purchased $153 billion of residential property, which is a 49% jump from 2016 ($102.6 billion) and surpasses 2015 ($103.9 billion) as the new survey high. Overall, 284,455 U.S. properties were bought by foreign buyers (up 32% from 2016), and purchases accounted for 10% of the dollar volume of existing-home sales (8% in 2016). Although China maintained its top position in sales dollar volume for the fourth straight year, the significant rise in foreign investment in the survey came from a massive hike in activity from Canadian buyers. After dipping in the 2016 survey to $8.9 billion in sales ($11.2 billion in 2015), transactions from Canadians this year totaled $19 billion - a new high for Canada. Buyers from China exceeded all countries by dollar volume of sales at $31.7 billion. Chinese buyers also purchased the most housing units for the third consecutive year (40,572 units). Rounding out the top five, the sales dollar volume from buyers in Canada ($19 billion), the United Kingdom ($9.5 billion), Mexico ($9.3 billion) and India ($7.8 billion) all increased from their levels one year ago.
* Credit Availability Hits Highest Level Since 2016. Credit availability remained historically tight in the first quarter of 2017, but increased slightly from the previous quarter to the highest level since 2016. The credit availability index from Housing Finance Policy Center shows mortgage credit availability increased 5.4 in the first quarter. This is up from 5.2 in the fourth quarter. The HCAI measures the percentage of home purchase loans that are likely to default, go unpaid for more than 90 days past their due date. A lower HCAI indicates that lenders are unwilling to tolerate defaults and are imposing tighter lending standards, making it harder to get a loan. A higher HCAI indicates that lender are willing to tolerate defaults and are taking more risks, making it easier to get a loan. Credit availability at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac remains at the highest level since its low in 2011. Earlier this summer, Fannie Mae raised its debt-to-income ratio requirement to further expand mortgage lending. The Urban Institute pointed out there is still plenty of space to expand the credit box. If the current default risk doubled across all channels, risk would remain within the standard 12.5% seen in the 2001 to 2003 mortgage market.
* Black Knight: Projects Record-High Home Equity. Total 'tappable' (or lendable) equity increased by $695 billion over the last year. Growth during the last year brought the total lendable equity market to just under $5 trillion as of the end of Q1 2017. Now, more than 40 million American mortgage holders have 'tappable' equity available to them. If home prices continue to rise at or near their current rate of appreciation, lendable equity will likely hit record highs by this summer, according to Black Knight. Nearly half of the nation's 100 largest metropolitan areas have already reached record levels of available equity, with the majority in coastal areas with the 10 largest metro areas accounting for more than half of the total equity. The number of underwater borrowers fell by 35% over the last year, with a 16% decline in Q1 2017 alone. This means there are now 1.8 million homeowners who owe more on their mortgages than their homes are worth, marking the first time that population has fallen below 2 million since 2006. Black Knight also reported that negative equity is becoming concentrated among borrowers whose homes fall into the lowest 20% of prices in their respective markets and that nearly half of all underwater borrowers own such homes. These properties are more than twice as likely to be underwater as those in the next price tier up, and 6.5 times more likely to be underwater than those living in the top 20% of the market.
*Average FICO Score Reaches 700 For First Time Ever. When it comes to credit, Americans are faring better than ever. For the first time, the average national credit score has reached 700, according to FICO. FICO scores range from 300 to 850. Average credit scores most recently bottomed out at 686, during the housing crisis when there was a sharp increase in foreclosures. They have steadily ticked higher since then, according to Ethan Dornhelm, vice president for scores and analytics at FICO. Now scores are at an all-time high.
* 2017 Neighborhood Housing Index Heat Map. More than 5,000 neighborhoods nationwide are rated based on seven factors impacting quality of life and local housing market strength - school, crime, affordability, home price appreciation, property taxes, environmental hazards and unemployment - in this new 2017 Neighborhood Housing Market Index created by ATTOM Data Solutions. Use the heat map to zoom into a given city or metro area to view the distribution of high-rated and low-rated neighborhoods in that area. Float over the circle for any given neighborhood to view the details on each of the seven factors above.